Celebrating and conserving the ecological richness of California's grasslands

Grasslands Journal 

Grasslands is published four times year with feature articles about native grasses, restoration, land management, current conservation efforts, and (of course) grassland habitat. 

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Grasslands - Spring 2022 Vol 32. No. 2

In this issue:

  • The Effects of Invasive Hairy Vetch on Grassland Plant-Pollinator Mutualisms, by Rebecca Ann Nelson, PhD Candidate, UC Davis, CNGA GRASS Recipient, 2021 & 2022
  • Meet a Grassland Researcher: Leila Wahab, PhD Candidate, UC Merced
  • Thatch Management Using Mowing and Grazing to Benefit the Behren’s Endangered Butterfuly (Speyeria zerene behrensii), Manchester, California, USA, by Terra Fuller, Senior Environmental Scientist (Specialist) at Sonoma-Mendocino Coast District, California State Parks
  • Meet a Rancher: Dan Macon, Flying Mule Sheep Company
  • Meet the Class of 2022: Grassland Research Awards for Student Scholarship (GRASS) Recipients
  • Bunchgrass Circle - Corporate and Associate Members


On the cover: Viola adunca, Western dog violet, in bloom on Point Arena-Stornetta Public Lands, May 2019. It is a host plant to several butterflies including the endangered Myrtle’s and Behren’s. Photo: Emily Allen, CNGA board member




Grasslands - Winter 2022 Vol 32. No. 1

In this issue:

  • Inter-annual Variation in Plant Community Composition and Structure Informs Passive Restoration Actions in Western Mojave Desert Rangeland, Tejon Ranch, California, by C. Ellery Mayence, Laura Pavliscak, Neil Kramer, Mtichell L. Coleman, and Michael D. White
  • Vist a Native Grassland: Spenceville Wildlife Area, Yuba and Nevada Counties, California, by Leticia Morris
  • Charismatic Coastal Communities, by Alexis LaFever-Jackson
  • Meet a Grassland Researcher: Lina Aoyama, University of Oregon
  • Bunchgrass Circle - Corporate and Associate Members
On the cover: Gumplant (Grindelia spp,) plants coated in a thick ice from a freeze event at Pepperwood Preserve February 2019. Photo: Michelle Halbur, CNGA Board Member




Grasslands - Fall 2021 Vol 31. No. 4

In this issue:

  • CNGA’s 14th Annual Field Day at Hedgerow Farms: Sowing the Seeds of Grasslands Conservation – Pat Reynolds and Diana Jeffery
  • Bunchgrass Circle - CNGA's Corporate, Agency, and Associate Members - Thank you!
  • A Story of Vernal Pool Restoration Within the Laguna de Santa Rosa Floodplains – Sarah P. Gordon, Asa Voight, and Wendy Trowbridge
  • Diversity & Inclusion Conversations – Leticia Morris
  • Notable Revisions to Grassland Species Treatments in the Jepson eFlora – Emily Allen
  • Meet a Grassland Researcher: Eliza Hernández, University of Oregon
  • California Grassland Research Awards for Student Scholarship (GRASS)
  • Native California Meadow Grasses – Davis Amme, 1985



On the cover:  Revitalized by early rains, California fescue (Festuca californica) is illuminated through a canopy opening in an Oregon white oak (Quercus garryana) savanna at the top of the Graham Creek drainage, Sonoma Mountain, Sonoma County, California. Photo: Jeffery T. Wilcox


Grasslands - Summer 2021 Vol 31. No. 3

Special 30th-Anniversary Issue

In this issue:

  • Thirty Years of Changes in How We Understand and Steward California’s Grasslands - Valerie Eviner and Michelle Halbur
  • CNGA’s Origin and History in Three Brief but Spectacular Articles - Robert Delzell, David Amme, John Anderson
  • Grass is the Forgiveness of Nature, David Amme, Reprint from Grasslands, Vol 21. No 1. 
  • Note from a CNGA Founder, John Anderson, Reprint from Grasslands, Vol 21. No 1. 
  • VISIT A NATIVE GRASSLAND: Russell Ranch, UC Davis -Sarah Gaffney
  • Observations of Ecotypes Used for Native Grassland Restoration at Sacramento River National Wildlife Refuge - Joe Silveira
  • Evolutionary Lineages, Unrecognized Local Plant Endemism, and Conservation of Cryptic California Native Plant Diversity - Bruce Baldwin

  • 30th Anniversary Membership Interest Survey - Sarah Gaffney
  • Meet the Class of 2021: Grassland Research Awards for Student Scholarship (GRASS) Recipients – Gregory Arena, Nora Bales, Ernesto Chavez-Velasco, Roisin Deák, Robert Fitch, Madison Fedor, Raphaela Elise Floreani Buzbee, Rebecca Ann Nelson Landin Noland, Suzanne Ou, Joanna Tang
  • Bunchgrass Circle – CNGA’s Corporate, Agency and Associate Members – Thank You! 



On the cover: CNGA 30th Anniversary Cover Artwork by Lesley Goren, www.lesleygoren.com. Counter-clockwise from left: Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta), Monarch Butterfly (Danaus plexippus), Kotolo Milkweed (Asclepias eriocarpa), Western Blue-eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium bellum), California Poppy (Eschscholzia californica), Baby Blue-eyes (Nemophila menziesii), Sky Lupine (Lupinus nanus), Western Bumblebee (Bombus occidentalis), Purple Needlegrass (Stipa pulchra).

Thank you, Lesley, for your colorful and fanciful grassland bouquet!

Grasslands - Spring 2021 Vol 31. No. 2

Commemorative Issue: John Anderson

In this issue: 

  • Introduction - Bryan Young and Emily Allen
  • The University of Hedgerow Farms -Bryan Young
  • John Anderson's Living Legacy: On- farm habitat and native seed production at Hedgerow Farms, Pat Reynolds and Jeff Quiter
  • The Field as a Classroom - Emily Allen
  • Contributions to the Field of Grasslands Research in California - Emily Allen
  • John Anderson - California Native Grassland Restoration Pioneer and Champion of Native Grassland Restoration at Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge Complex - Joe Silveira
  • Truly a Man Outstanding in His Field: John Anderson's Service and Awards - Taya Meyer
  • Bunchgrass Circle - CNGA's Corporate, Agency and Associate Members
On the Cover: John was eager to show off the amazing blooms at Yanci Ranch in March 2015. Here he strolls through a field of blue dips (Dipterostemon capitatus, formerly Dichelostemma capitatum). Photo by Emily Alle


   Grasslands - Winter 2021 Vol 31. No. 1 

   In this issue:

  • Announcing Two Special Grasslands Issues in 2021
  • Selecting Coastal California Prairie Species for Climate-Smart Grassland Restoration, Justin Luong and Michael E. Loik
  • CNGA to Celebrate Milestone Anniversary, Jodie Sheffield and Diana Jeffery
  • Using California Native Grasses in Garden Design, Terri McFarland, originally published for the Dogpatch-Northwest Potrero Hill Green Benefit District
  • Seasonal Changes in Forage Nutrient and Toxicity Levels on California Central Coast Rangelands: A Preliminary Study, RE Larsen, D Cook, DR Gardner, ST Lee, M Shapero, L Althouse, M Dennis, LC Forero, JS Dav, DR Rao, M Horney, K Brown, CW Rigby, KB Jensen
  • Multiple-Year Control of Medusahead on the Modoc Plateau, Tom Getts
  • Meet a Grassland Researcher: Roxanne Hulme Foss, Senior Ecologist with Vollmar Natural Lands Consulting
  • Bunchgrass Circle
On the cover: Fresh snow blankets a dormant grassland on top of Sonoma Mountain in Sonoma County. Photo: Jeffery T. Wilcox, Managing Ecologist, Sonoma Mountain Ranch Preservation Foundation, Former CNGA Board Member.


Grasslands - Fall 2020 Vol 30. No. 4 

   In this issue:

  • CNGA's 13th Annual Field Day at Hedgerow Farms Goes Virtual, Pat Reynolds
  • Meet a Grasslands Researcher: Roisin Deák, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
  • More Questions than Answers: The Recovery of Biological Soil Crust Communities After Prescribed Burns, Brianne Palmer and David Lipson
  • Illustrated Research Article! Coastal Prairie Restoration: Choosing Plants for Success, Justin Luong, Karen Holl, and Michael Loik. Art by Lesley Goren
  • Visit a Native Grasslands: Drakesbad Meadow, Lassen Volcanic Park, Kendra Moseley and Marchel Munnecke
  • Hands on the Land, Heart in Community: Returning Cultural Fires, Deniss J. Martinez. Originally published at EHN.org
  • Bunchgrass Circle

On the cover: Grindelia camporum, gumweed, a wonderful late-season prolific blooming perennial forb.  Photo by Emily Allen, botanical and restoration consultant and CNGA board member (November 2019).


 Grasslands - Summer 2020 Vol 30. No. 3 

   In this issue:

  • The Impact of Drought and Pocket Gophers on Restored Native Perennial Bunchgrasses in California, Madeline Nolan and Travis Stoakley
  • Grasslands Researcher: Justin Luong
  • Can a Summer Burn Following Watering to Flush the Exotic Annual Grass Seedbank Confer an Advantage to Native Perennial Grasses in Restored Grasslands? Kristina Wolf 
  • Species Spotlight: Hairy Orcutt Grass, Chad Aakre
  • Bunchgrass Circle

On the cover:  A beautiful and diverse collection of natives found on a rural roadside outside of Petaluma. Photo by Emily Allen, CNGA Board Member



Grasslands - Spring 2020 Vol 30. No. 2

In this issue

  • Biodiversity Loss and Phenology in California Grasslands, Edith Lai and Rachel Olliff Yang
  • Grasslands Researcher: Sarah Gaffney, Graduate Group in Ecology, Eviner Lab, Dept. of Plant Sciences, UC Davis
  • Invasive Annual Weeds—Problems or Symptoms? Part 4, Richard King
  • Species Spotlight: Hairy Wood Rush, Emily Allen
  • Large-flowered Fiddleneck Recovery Implementation Team, Jeb Bjerke
  • Meet the 2020 Grassland Research Awards for Student Scholarship (GRASS) Recipients
  • Bunchgrass Circle

On the cover:  San Luis Obispo County wildflowers, April 13, 2019. Photo: Mariga Torossian


Grasslands - Winter 2020 Vol 30. No. 1 

  • Species Spotlight: Santa Cruz Tarplant (Holocarpha macradenia), Michele Hammond
  • California Native Grasslands: A Historical Perspective, A Guide for Developing realistic Restoration Objectives, Sheila Barry, Stephanie Larson, and Melvin George
  • Meet a Grasslands Researcher: Maddie Nolan
  • CNGA Salutes Contributions of Retiring Long-Term Board Members: Jennifer Buck-Diaz, Jeff Wilcox, Jim Hanson
  • Unraveling the Plant-insect interactions Taking Place in Your Native Garden, Billy Krimmel and Haven Kiers
  • Meet a Rancher: Julie Finigan Morris and Joe Morris, Owners & Founders of T.O. Cattle Company in San Juan Bautista, California
  • Is Funding Always Worth the Cost? Jeffery Stackhouse and Lena Quinn-Davidson
  • Bunchgrass Circle

On the cover:  A rare significant snowfall on the Mitsui Ranch, in the oak savanna of the Inner Coast Range of Sonoma County near Petaluma. Photo:Jeffery T. Wilcox, Managing Ecologist, Sonoma Mountain Ranch Preservation Foundation, Former CNGA Board Member



Grasslands - Fall 2019 Vol 29. No. 4

    • VISIT A NATIVE GRASSLAND: Walking in Wet Boots--Prairies of Point Arena, Jennifer Buck-Diaz
    • Mapping and Investigating the Spatial Distribution of Peritoma arborea var. globosa, a California Endemic Shrub, Dylan J. Stover
    • SPECIES SPOTLIGHT:  Monument Plant (Frasera speciosa), Laura K. Snell
    • Impacts of Coastal Scrub on the Diversity of Introduced and Native Grass in Southwestern Marin County, Gregory Arena
    • GRASSLANDS RESEARCHER: Daniel Toews
    • Safeguard Native Grasses and Forbs for a More Wildfire Resilient California: CNGA weighs in on big state vegetation treatment project affecting over 20 million acres, Jim Hanson
    • A New Field Guide for Identifying Weeds, Forages and Native of Central Sierra Nevada, Scott Oneto
    • Bunchgrass Circle

    On the cover: Madia elegans (common, or showy madia) growing at Grace Hudson Museum, Ukiah, CA. Photo courtesy of Emily Allen, CNGA Board of Directors.  


    Grasslands - Summer 2019 Vol 29. No. 3 - Special Issue: Fire in California

    • CNGA's 12th Annual Field Day at Hedgerow Farms, Pat Reynolds
    • Location and Seeding Affect the Outcomes of Controlled Burning of California Annual Rangeland, Josh Davy, Lenya Quinn-Davidson, and Jeffery Stackhouse
    • Species Spotlight: Fire Poppy, Tatiana Manzanillo
    • Invasive Weed Management Post-Wildfire: Closer Look at Camp Fire Invasive Weeds in Right-of-ways, Tracy Schohr, Ryan Tompkins, Tom Getts, Kate Wilkin, and Jen Wiley
    • Grasslands Researcher: Sasha Berleman, Fire Foward Program Director, Audubon Canyon Ranch
    • Burning by the Day: Why Cost/acre is not a Good Metric for Prescribed Fire, Lenya Quinn-Davidson and Jeffery Stackhouse
    • Field Report: Building a Burn Trailer to Support Your Community's Prescribed Fire Efforts, Lenya Quinn-Davidson and Jeffery Stackhouse
    • Going Native: Designing for Fire--Homeowner Guidelines and Considerations for Native Planting, Haven Kiers and Jessica Colvin


    Grasslands - Spring 2019 Vol 29. No. 2


    • Restoring Native Grasslands for Wildlife and Grazing, Robert Evans
    • Grow a Genius! The excitement of looking at evolutionary radiations in your garden, Eric LoPresti
    • Climate Change and Grass-Specialist Butterflies of the Central Valley, Angela Laws
    • Options for Prescribed Fire on Private Lands in California, Jeffery Stackhouse and Lenya Quinn-Davidson
    • Species Spotlight: Side-blotched Lizard, Felix Ratcliff
    • Grasslands Researcher: Three Ecologists Remember Dr. Erin Espeland, Taraneh Emam, Beth Leger, and Kevin Rice
    • Meet the 2019 Grassland Research Awards for Student Scholarship Recipients
    • Bunchgrass Circle


    Grasslands - Winter 2019 Vol 29. No. 1 



    Grasslands - Fall 2018 Vol 28. No. 4          

      • Snapshot: Native Landscaping and Metapopulations
      • Monitoring Long-term Change in Coastal Prairies of the Marin Headlands
      • Visiting California Grasslands: Brushy Peak Regional Preserve
      • Species Spotlight: Narrow Manna Grass
      • Explaining the Dispersed Spatial Pattern of Peritoma arborea var. globosa





      Grasslands - Summer 2018 Vol 28. No. 3          

      • Visiting California Grasslands: Azalea hill/Pine Mountain, Marin Co.
      • CNGA's 11th Annual Field Day at Hedgerow Farms
      • Species Spotlight: Jerusalem Cricket
      • View From the Field: Invasive Annual Weeds - Problems or Symptoms? Part 2






      Grasslands - Spring 2018 Vol 28. No. 2     

      • Natural History (for a Natural Future) in  California's Grasslands
      • Species Spotlight: Loggerhead Shrike
      • Invasive Annual Weeds--Problems or Symptoms?
      • Snapshot: Springtime Observations in Your Native Garden
      • Visiting California Grasslands: Low Gap Park, Ukiah, Mendocino County

      APPENDIX: Abstracts on Grasslands from CNPS Conference, February 2018 in Los Angeles






      Grasslands Vol 28. No. 1 - Winter 2018

      Inside:

      • California's Native Perennial Grasses Provide Strong Suppression of Goatgrass and Medusahead
      • Reprint from 2008 with introduction comments from CNGA Board Members - Italian Ryegrass: A New Central California Dominant? 
      • Creating Structured Native Meadows for Landscapes




      Grasslands Vol 27, No. 4 - Fall 2017  

      Inside:

      • Re-watering Rangeland for Drought Resistance
      • Landscaping with Natives - Sticky Plants in Your Garden 
      • Species Spotlight: Western Meadowlark
      • Visit a Grassland: Point St. George
      • Progress Report: Tumbleweed on California's Central Coast




      Vol. 27. No. 3 - Summer 2017 -Special Issue - Critters in the Grasslands

      • California's Central Valley: A Winter Paradise for North America's Raptors
      • Game Species management and Economics of Hunting Enterprises in California Grasslands
      • Species Spotlight: Crab Spider
      • Announcing a new Grasslands Series: Native Landscaping Snapshots



         Vol. 27. No. 2 -  Spring 2017 Special Issue: Climate Change and Grasslands
                 Appendix to Volume 27 (2)

        Feature Articles:

        • California's Drier Future: What Will it Mean for Grasslands?, Susan Harrison
        • Soil Characteristics Influence Drought Tolerance of Perennial Plants During Mediterranean Summers or Projected Climate Changes, Vic Claassen
        • Experimental Approaches to Addressing Climate Change Challenges in Prairie Restoration, T Young, KL Stuble, JA Balachowski, ME Lulow, C Werner, K Wolf
        • Species Spotlight: Douglas' Meadowfoam, Andrea Williams

          Vol. 27. No. 1 - Winter 2017 

          Feature Articles:

          • Sleeping Beneath the Weeds: Unearthing California Native Seeds
          • In Search of an "Honest" Grass
          • Visit a Grassland: Jepson Prairie Preserve, Solano County

          Vol. 26. No. 4 - Fall 2016

               Supplemental materials: References and Appendix

             Feature Articles:

          • Restoring Native Coastal Prairies on California's Lost Coast
          • Seedbanks in Restored and Degraded Annual California Grasslands: Implications for Management
          • Breeding Systems and Hybridization Potential of Native Grassland Species

          Vol. 26. No.3 - Summer 2016

          Feature Articles:

          • Topography, Nitrogen and the Growth of Stipa pulchra
          • Santa Rosa Plateau Habitat Studies and Restoration Program
          • Diversifying  Revegetated Native Grassland Communities with Native Wildflowers

          Vol. 26. No.2 - Spring 2016

          Vol. 26, No. 1 - Winter 2016

          Vol. 25, No. 4 - Fall 2015

          Vol. 25, No. 3 - Summer 2015

                      Vol. 25, No. 3 - Summer 2015 Appendix A 
            Vol 25, No. 2 - Spring 2015

            Vol. 25, No. 1 - Winter 2015

            Vol. 24, No. 4 - Fall 2014

            Vol. 24, No. 3 - Summer 2014

            Vol. 24, No. 2 - Spring 2014 Special Issue:Drought Management

            Vol. 24. No. 1 - Winter 2014

            Vol. 23, No. 4 - Fall 2013

            Vol. 23, No. 3 - Summer 2013

            Vol. 23, No. 2 - Spring 2013

            Vol. 23, No. 1 - Winter 2013

            Vol. 22, No. 4 - Fall 2012

            Vol. 22, No. 3 - Summer 2012

            Vol. 22, No. 2 - Spring 2012

            Vol. 22, No. 1 - Winter 2012

            Vol. 21, No. 4 - Fall 2011

            Vol. 21, No. 3 - Summer 2011 

            Vol. 21, No. 2 - Spring 2011 Feature Article - CNGA 20th Anniversary: What have we learned about grasses or grasslands in the past 20 years? part 2. 

            Vol. 21, No. 1 - Winter 2011  Feature Article - CNGA 20th Anniversary: What have we learned about grasses or grasslands in the past 20 years?  

            Vol. 20, No. 4 - Fall 2010 (missing pages 16  17) Feature Article- The Marin Carbon Project: Theory in Practice

            Vol 20, No. 3 - Summer 2010 (missing cover) Feature Article- An Overview of North Coast Grasses

            Vol. 20, No. 2 - Spring 2010 Feature Article- Regenerating Disturbed Soils to Sustain Vegetation by Vic Claassen & Jim Hanson

            Vol. 20, No. 1 - Winter 2010 

            Vol. 19, No. 4 - Fall 2009 Feature Article- Conservation Management of California's Coastal Prairie

            Vol. 19, No. 2 - Spring 2009 Feature Article-Italian Ryegrass: A New Central Coast Dominant? 

            Vol 18. No 3 - Summer 2008  Feature Article: The Ecology and Development of California Oatgrass by David Amme and Sean Miccalef, Grasslands Vol 18(3): 3-11. 

            Vol. 18. No 1 - Winter 2008 Excerpted articles:

            • Restoring the Grasslands of Northern California's Coastal Dunes
            • Grasslands of Pepperwood Preserve

            Vol. 19, No. 1 - Winter 2009 Feature Article- Life Histories of Vernal Pool Annual Grasses

            Vol 11, No 1 - Winter 2001 Excerpted Article - Resource Management Demonstration at Russian Ridge Preserve, Paul Kephart, Rana Creek Habitat Restoration - Five management options explored in coastal grassland habitat in San Mateo County. 

            Grassland Newsletters 1991 to 1993

            Vol. 3. No. 4 - October 1993 - Feature Article -

            • Roadside Plantings of Perennial Grasses, by Cynthia S. Brown, Robert L. Bugg, and John H. Anderson
            • Herbicide Trials on Selected Native Grasses, by Rachael Freeman

            Vol 3. No. 3 - August 1993 - Feature article - In Search of Native Grass Ecotypes, by Craig and Sue Dremann

            Vol 3. No 2 - May 1993 - Feature article - Hybridization of Selected California Native Grasses, by Kitren G. Weis, PH.D. 

            Vol 3, No 1 - February 1993 - Feature Articles-

            • Strategies for Establishing Native Grasses, by John Anderson
            • Genetic Guidelines in Region 5 with General Genetic Considerations and Seed Collection and Transfer Guidelines for Native Grasses in California, by Connie Millar

            October 1992 CNGA Grasslands Newsletter - Feature Article- Grassland Restoration in California, by David Amme

            September 1992 CNGA Grasslands Newsletter - Feature Articles-

            • Perennial Grasses for Roadside Weed Control, by Ted Adams & John Menke
            • Preliminary Suggested Genetic Guidelines for collection and Transfer of Native Grass Seed Used in Restoration Projects, by Connie Millar

            May 1992 CNGA Grasslands Newsletter - Feature Article- Seeding After Wildfire in California, by David Amme & Ted Adams

            February 1992 CNGA Grasslands Newsletter - Feature Article- Mycorrhizae and Restoration of Native Grasslands, by T.V. St. John


            October 1991 CNGA Grasslands Newsletter Feature Article-Grazing and Fire Management, by John W. Menke

            July 1991 CNGA Grasslands Newsletter Feature Article- Notes on Native Grasses, by Judith Lowry

            April 1991 CNGA Grasslands Newsletter Feature Article- Working with Native Perennial Grasses, by Davis Amme














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